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BioTechCircle News®

November 2011

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Issue 101

See all previous issues at our archives; follow us on Twitter.

For a sneak preview of site updates and analysis of the latest research reports,
(Articles and gene-related Patents, Patent Applications), subscribe to our
newsletter at the bottom of our home page.

In this Articles section: links to 95 free Web articles in 13 major categories.
Click on the category list below to go immediately to that section.

The major categories below are further subdivided to make it easy for you to locate
news and technology developments, the business and the markets in the life sciences
of particular interest to you. The brief synopses will help you decide which articles you'd
like to read. Simply click on the article's title to go directly to the original article.

Due to an oversight, there aren't any articles in the "BTC'S News You Can Use" category. It'll return in next month's report. 

Here are this month's major categories:

Agri-Biotech (12 articles)
Biobusiness Management (9 articles)
Diagnostic Tools (4 articles)
Industry (19 articles)
Investments/Government Support (1 article)
Medical Devices (1 article)
Novel Applications (2 articles)
Personalized Medicine (1 article)
Platform Technologies (16 articles)
Research Advancements (19 articles)
Research Tools (5 articles)
Strategic Relationships (3 articles)

For a brief explanation of how we categorize the articles, please see "Express Guide
to Monthly Web Articles
."

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	AGRI-BIOTECH

Subcategory: Animal

Scientists Reach the Heights with Gecko-inspired Tank Robot
Institute of Physics (01-Nov-11)
Drawing inspiration from the gecko, researchers have been able to create
adhesives that carefully mimic the toe pads of the lizard that give it the
amazing ability to climb smooth vertical surfaces and shuffle across ceilings.

Subcategory: Crops

Livestock Farmers: Ethanol Using Up Too Much Corn
Michael J. Crumb Manufacturing.net (23-Nov-11)
Livestock farmers are demanding a change in the nation's ethanol policy,
claiming current rules could lead to spikes in meat prices and even shortages at
supermarkets if corn growers have a bad year.

Subcategory: Disease Prevention

Turning over a New Lettuce Leaf
Krystal Gabert Chem.Info (01-Nov-11)
Despite "helpful" tips, Listeria can’t always be prevented at the consumer
level. Scientists, food manufacturers and regulators can work together to make
sure that auditors and consumers aren’t left holding the bag on food safety,
Gabert writes.

Subcategory: Environment

ArborGen Celebrates Major Milestone with Planting of its 10 Billionth Seedling
ArborGen (15-Nov-11)
The planting of 10 billion seedlings is the equivalent of offsetting pollution of
all the cars in Los Angeles for 20 years, or planting 20 million acres of trees.

Caffeine Level Better Indicator of Sewage Pollution
Laboratory Equipment (23-Nov-11)
Study shows a strong correlation between the levels of caffeine in water and
the level of bacteria; chemists can therefore use caffeine levels as an indicator
of human-source pollution in sewerage systems.

Subcategory: Food

On the Menu: Stinkbugs and Mealworms
Caroline Winter Business Week (17-Nov-11)
Insects produce far less greenhouse gas per gram of meat than livestock.
Rearing species that live in close quarters is easy. World Entomophagy is one
of a growing number of insect suppliers that promote bugs as food for
humans.

Lab Grown, $345,000 Petri Dish Hamburger is Coming to a Table Near You
Brit Liggett Inhabitat (14-Nov-11)
Studies show that lab-made meat could reduce emissions from the current
meat production industry by as much as 96%. The meat is created using stem
cells from discarded animal parts at livestock processing facilities.

Pizza: Not a Veggie, Not the Worst Thing Served in Schools
Laboratory Equipment (23-Nov-11)
The current 1/8 cup serving of pizza sauce is likely to be the only vegetable
on the pizza and is higher in sodium than a typical serving of vegetables 4
times as large. At almost 400 calories, the pizza is nearly 6 times that of
broccoli.

Subcategory: Materials

Researchers Create Transistors from Natural Cotton Fibers
Farhan Nuruzzaman Cornell University (26-Oct-11)
Transistors from cotton fibers could allow fabrics to sense body temperature,
automatically heat up or cool down, or track heart rate or blood pressure in
high-risk patients, as well as to monitor physical effort of high-performance
athletes.

Researchers Reveal Eucalypt’s Nano Properties
Jo Manning Murdoch University (31-Oct-11)
Silvery leaves of an Australian eucalyptus plant are covered in a wax which
produces nano-sized bumps and pillars. Water forms droplets that roll over
the surface of the leaves. Inspired a range of self-cleaning and anti-bacterial
technologies.

Plant with “Eggbeater" Texture Inspires Waterproof Coating
Pam Frost Gorder Ohio State University (10-Nov-11)
A floating weed that clogs waterways around the world inspires a high-tech
waterproof coating intended for boats and submarines. Also see this article.

Subcategory: Microorganisms

Berkeley Lab Researchers Create First of Its Kind Gene Map of Sulfate-reducing
Bacterium

Lynn Yaris Berkeley News(09-Nov-11)
Desulfovibrio vulgaris is an anaerobic sulfate-eating microbe that can also
consume toxic and radioactive waste, making it a prime candidate for
bioremediation of contaminated environments.

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	BIOBUSINESS MANAGEMENT

Subcategory: Disease Prevention

Incorporating Worksite Wellness into Your Company
Debra Wein Frost & Sullivan (01-Nov-11)
Cancer, diabetes, hypertension, stroke, heart disease, pulmonary conditions
and mental illness cost employers $1.1 trillion annually in lost productivity.
Many of these diseases can be reduced through a well-designed worksite
wellness program.

Subcategory: Energy/ Fuel

Hybrid Power Plants Can Help Industry Go Green
American Friends of Tel Aviv (03-Nov-11)
New technology combines the use of conventional fuel with the lower
pressures and temperatures of steam produced by solar power, allowing
plants to be hybrid, replacing 25% to 50% of their fuel use with green energy.

Subcategory: Environment

Green Group Accuses China of Climate Blackmail
Jonathan Watts The Guardian (09-Nov-11)
An environmental group has accused China of climate blackmail after threats
to vent powerful greenhouse gases if Europe cuts off carbon credits in 2012.

Subcategory: Financial Management (not funding)

Exposing the Cost of Health Care
Deborah Erickson Technology Review (23-Nov-11)
People typically don't find out how much any given medical procedure costs
until well after they receive treatment. Lack of transparency has contributed
to huge disparities in the cost of procedures. Describes startup service that
reveals actual costs.

Subcategory: Geographic focus

2011 Quality of Living Worldwide City Rankings – Mercer Survey
Mercer (29-Nov-11)
European cities dominate worldwide quality of living rankings, with Vienna
ranked #1. List covers 221 cities, ranked against New York as the base city.
Regional data for Americas, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Middle East and Africa.
Link to global city ranks.

Subcategory: Misc. Medical Devices

Improve Medical Device Time-To-Market
Kenneth E. Breeding Jr. and
Gopal R. Saraiya Manufacturing.net (21-Nov-11)
On average, it takes about 18-to-24 months to bring a new medical product to
market. Typical product development lasts 12-to-18 months, with an
additional 3-6 months for regulatory approval. Discusses materials, molding,
processing, other.

Subcategory: Miscellaneous

Editorial Team Announced for eLife, New Open Access Journal
Howard Hughes Medical Institute (07-Nov-11)
Ambition is to make a unique journal that will serve as a catalyst for broader
reinvention of research communication. eLife will cover the full range of life
and biomedical sciences. List of senior editorial team.

Feature: Tax and Quacks - The Role of Tax in the Development of Modern
Medicine

Penny Bailey Wellcome Trust (29-Nov-11)
Describes exploring the interaction of tax and medicine over the last three
centuries - and the ways in which they have shaped each other.

Subcategory: Personnel Issues

Assessing the State of Innovation
Dave Matheson Frost & Sullivan (01-Nov-11)
Excerpt and link to full white paper on the 4 key areas of innovation practice.
Lesson: If you begin only with strategy, you probably will not hit your
innovation growth objectives.

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	DIAGNOSTIC TOOLS

Subcategory: Metabolism: Obesity, Diabetes

New Biosensor Benefits from Melding of Carbon Nanotubes, DNA
Keith Robinson Purdue News (14-Nov-11)
Method for stacking synthetic DNA and carbon nanotubes onto a biosensor
electrode may lead to more accurate measurements for research related to
diabetes and other diseases.

Subcategory: Miscellaneous

Sleep Sensor Hides Beneath the Mattress
Tom Simonite Technology Review (09-Nov-11)
Thin, self-inflating mattress pad device tracks heart rate, breathing, and
movement without requiring the user to wear anything. Data is transmitted by
wireless to a box connected to the Internet, which then relays the data to
cloud servers.

Subcategory: Oncology

Fluorescent Spray Could Help Surgeons Identify Cancer Quickly
Erica Westly Technology Review (29-Nov-11)
Cancer surgeons strive to remove cancerous cells while preserving as much
healthy tissue as possible. Cancer cells are notoriously difficult to identify
visually; spray makes cancer cells glow within a minute of application.

Subcategory: Tissue Engineering

Disease in a Dish
Emily Singer Technology Review (01-Nov-11)
Generating cells (using stem cells created from human skin cells) from patients
suffering from such disorders as Down syndrome, schizophrenia, and ALS
lets scientist study these diseases in the lab and test new drugs.

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	INDUSTRY

Subcategory: Academia/ Laboratories

Student Organization Launched to Encourage Medical Students to Pursue
Careers in Research

Jen Middleton Wellcome Trust (15-Nov-11)
The National Student Association of Medical Research in the U.K. aims to
tackle the worrying decline in the number of doctors pursuing careers in
academic research.

Subcategory: Bio Pharma

The 2011 Biotech Graveyard
Maureen Martino Fierce Biotech (31-Oct-11)
List and links to analysis of the 8 biotech companies that went out of
business in 2011. A common theme among many of this year's graveyard
companies: most of their problems started in 2009, a difficult year for the
industry.

Volatility Rattles Biotechnology Sector
Eugene Rozelman Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology News (01-Nov-11)
Current market dynamics make it more difficult for biotechnology companies
to raise capital, consummate strategic deals, and ultimately make progress
toward bringing their therapeutic products to market. Looks at alternative
financing.

Subcategory: Computing Systems

Spammers Using Own URL-Shortening Services for Pharmacy Spam
Fahmida Y. Rashid eWeek (27-Oct-11)
Shortened URLs pose a security risk since users can't tell if the link they are
clicking on would direct them to a legitimate site or a malicious one. Many
companies have launched their own URL shorteners, making it a challenge for
users.

Subcategory: Education

Initial Teacher Training Can Fail to Equip Science Teachers with Sufficient
Subject Knowledge to Teach, Study Finds

Jen Middleton Wellcome Trust (29-Nov-11)
Study finds that in the U.K. most trainees ending up teaching outside their
main degree specialism. Outlines 4 practical solutions to improve science
teaching and student performance.

Subcategory: Employment/Jobs

Rebuilding American Manufacturing
Peter Dizikes MIT News (30-Nov-11)
The Advanced Manufacturing Partnership (AMP) program seeks to identify
and support new areas of manufacturing activity in the U.S. In areas such as
biotechnology, energy, robotics, nanotechnology and advanced materials.

Subcategory: Energy/ Fuel

Siemens Boosts Its Stake in Tidal Power
Peter Fairley Technology Review (14-Nov-11)
Unlike solar and wind power, the gravitational pull of the moon and sun that
controls tidal cycles provides a sure means of anticipating the output from
tidal generating stations, allowing calculations for power output for centuries
in advance.

Subcategory: Environment

Biodegradable Plastics Standard to Bust Landfill Waste
Ann R. Thryft Design News (14-Nov-11)
The Plastics Environmental Council (PEC) is sponsoring research to produce
the first standard specification for landfill biodegradation of petroleum- and
natural gas-derived plastics treated with additives to speed up anaerobic
biodegradation.

Irreversible Climate Change Will Occur in 5 Years if Major Infrastructure is
Not Changed

Brit Liggett Inhabitat (13-Nov-11)
The International Energy Agency (IEA), an autonomous organization that
provides comprehensive statistics and recommendations for world leaders on

energy, just released their 2011 World Energy Outlook, an analysis of world
energy infrastructure.


Giant Mound of Tires Visible from Space
Meg Kinnard Product Design & Development (23-Nov-11)
A rural South Carolina clearing of more than 50 acres has been found to have
about 250,000 dumped tires. No one knows how all those tires got there, or
when. The tires will have oil and steel extracted or shredded to make
tire-derived fuel.

Subcategory: Geographic focus

Emerging Countries Becoming More Competitive as Prime Locations for Life
Science Operations

Area Development (17-Nov-11)
Research shows that emerging market governments in Asia and Latin America
are making significant capital investments, improving political policies to
become more competitive in high-tech aspects of the industry and be in
contention for CRO opportunities.

Graphic: Life Sciences Study Reveals Emerging Markets Becoming More
Competitive as Prime Locations for Operations

Jones Lang LaSalle (01-Nov-11)
Table listis and ranks 16 U.S. city bioclusters, based on high tech
employment, science & engineering graduate students, NIH and venture
funding, R&D spend as % of GDP, physical area of academic & research
facilities. Boston: #1.

America Is Still the Most Innovative Country in the World
Frederick Hess The Atlantic (14-Nov-11)
America boasts the most racially and culturally diverse society in history.
"Americans need to identify our comparative advantages--social, cultural,
political and economic-- and exploit them, instead of worrying about copying
the competition."

Subcategory: Government Entities

Health Sites Rank High in Federal Government Web Traffic: comScore
Brian T. Horowitz eWeek (03-Nov-11)
The 3 health sites NIH.gov (National Institutes of Health), CDC.gov (Centers
for Disease Control and Prevention) and USDA.gov (Department of
Agriculture) were among the top 10 federal government sites.

Subcategory: Miscellaneous

Social Media, Data Privacy Issues to Dominate Health Care in 2012: PwC
Brian T. Horowitz eWeek (21-Nov-11)
Social media continues growth; more people with chronic diseases use social
media channels to be informed about care options to connect with health care
organizations; "feedback loops," motivate Internet users to track their health
conditions.

Tech Trends that Vow to Last Longer than Kim Kardashian's Marriage
Tammy Wolf MTMCnet (02-Nov-11)
Describes trends in education technology, cloud computing, the smart grid and
others.

Subcategory: Oncology

The Cancer Drug Dark Ages Are Coming to an End
Luke Timmerman Xconomy (31-Oct-11)
In August 2011 the FDA granted 3 approvals ahead of its usual legal deadlines
so it could get these life-saving therapies to patients sooner. The drugs are
going after well-defined patient populations, not broad-brush, organ-based
classifications.

Subcategory: Personalized Medicine

The Case for Personalized Medicine
Personalized Medicine (01-Nov-11)
Third edition of white paper on tailored therapeutics addresses many issues,
including "one size does not fit all" as evidenced by effectiveness of a
particular drug on patients with asthma, diebetes, arthritis, cancer and other
conditions.

Subcategory: Research Labs

Scientific Productivity Increases with Age
Kellogg School of Management (10-Nov-11)
Significant breakthroughs in chemistry, physics and medicine historically were
made by scientists under the age of 40. “Today, the average age at which
physicists do their Nobel Prize winning work is 48." Length of time studying
may be a factor.

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	INVESTMENTS/ GOV. SUPPORT

Subcategory: Education

Science Media Studentships: Call for Applications Open
Wellcome Trust (14-Nov-11)
Financial support for 2 practicing biomedical scientists for a postgraduate
qualification in Science Media Production at Imperial College London,
followed by a 6-month position in the broadcast industry. Feb 24 2012
deadline.

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	MEDICAL DEVICES

Subcategory: Miscellaneous

The Itsy, Bitsy Spider
Meaghan Ziemba Product Design and Development (09-Nov-11)
Small, flexible surgical instruments that can move freely within the human
body are becoming a reality within the medical industry as part of
non-invasive, surgical procedures. Patients experience quicker recovery times.

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	NOVEL APPLICATIONS

Subcategory: Environment

American Picker
Chris Fox Product Design & Development (27-Oct-11)
The repurposing of industry materials can even lead to better materials for
other industries. One example: a hose no longer rated for 2,500 psi use after 6
months can be used for a lifetime for farming irrigation.

Subcategory: Materials

Milk Does a Body Good — Even When Worn
Melissa Eddy Product Design & Development (15-Nov-11)
Award-winning new textile is made entirely from milk that's environmentally
friendly as well as soothing to people with skin allergies. Called "Qmilch," it
drapes and folds like silk, but can be washed and dried like cotton.

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	ORGANIZATIONS

Subcategory: Disease Prevention

4 Innovative Projects Making Water More Accessible in the Developing World
Zachary Sniderman Mashable (09-Nov-11)
Solving a basic need like water access allows developing communities to tackle
and devote resources to more complex issues. Reviews Dollars to Projects —
charity: water; This Shirt Helps; Daraja; SteriPen.

Subcategory: Food

Getting Innovation Down to a Science
Lindsey Coblentz Chem.Info (16-Nov-11)
The Institute for Food Safety and Health (IFSH) is the only location in the
U.S. where an entire FDA division works onsite. IFSH plans to play an
important role in promoting national food safety.

Frito-Lay Plant Reduces Waste to Near Zero
Allan Gerlat Waste 360 (07-Oct-11)
Company reached its “near net zero” goal of running primarily on renewable
energy sources, including the production of nearly zero landfill waste. Intends
to apply "off the grid" lessons learned to other facilities where appropriate.

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PERSONALIZED MEDICINE

Subcategory: Patent/Intellectual Property Issues

Prometheus, Myriad & Classen Decisions Clarify Eligibility Requirements
William L. Warren, Lei Fang
Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology News (01-Nov-11)
Warren reviews 3 important cases pertaining to patent-eligible subject matter
for personalized medicine diagnostic tools, therapeutic treatments, and DNA
sequences.

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	PLATFORM TECHNOLOGIES

Subcategory: Cell Therapy

Novel Surface Triples Stem-cell Growth in Culture
Nicole Giese Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research (07-Nov-11)
By irradiating typical polystyrene lab plates with ultraviolet (UV) waves,
scientists have created a surface capable of tripling the number of human
embryonic stem (ES) and induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells that can be
grown in culture.

Subcategory: Cloning Techniques

How Fertilized Oocytes Eliminate Paternal Mitochondria
CNRS International (26-Oct-11)
During fertilization, the entire spermatozoon enters the oocyte. However,
most of its organelles, including mitochondria, are not transmitted to the
offspring. Findings could improve cloning and medically-assisted reproductive
technology.

Subcategory: Disease Prevention

Using Ionized Plasmas as Cheap Sterilizers for Developing World
Robert Sanders UC Berkeley News (14-Nov-11)
ionized plasmas like those in neon lights and plasma TVs not only can
sterilize water, but make it antimicrobial for as long as a week after treatment.
Could be life-savers in developing countries, disaster areas or on the
battlefield.

Subcategory: Electronic Health Records

How E-Health Records Improve Healthcare: a Cancer Patient's Story
Lucas Mearian CIO (01-Nov-11)
Facilities that use electronic health records (EHRs) and prove their meaningful
use can receive tens of thousands of dollars in reimbursement money under
the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. Some physicians feel like data
entry clerks.

Subcategory: Genomics

How Zelda Kick-Starts the Fly Embryo’s Genome
Howard Hughes Medical Institute 20-Oct-11
The protein Zelda works as a genomic "on" switch at the transition, known as
the maternal-to-zygotic transition (MZT), when a fruit fly embryo breaks
free of its mother's influence.

Subcategory: Materials

Batteries Get a Quick Charge with New Anode Technology
Jared Sagoff Argonne National Laboratory (02-Nov-11)
Titanium dioxide nanotubes can switch their phase as a battery is cycled,
gradually boosting their operational capacity. New batteries produced with
this material could be recharged up to half of their original capacity in less
than 30 seconds.

Explosive Composite Based on Nanoparticles and DNA Could Be an Energy
Source for Embedded Microsystems

CNRS International (26-Oct-11)
The high energy density of composite makes it an ideal fuel for nanosatellites,
which weigh just several kilograms. Other applications: ignitors for gas in
internal combustion engines or for fuel in aircraft and rocket nozzles, pollution
detectors.

In New Quantum-dot LED Design, Researchers Turn Troublesome Molecules to
Their Advantage

Caroline Perry Harvard School of Engineering & Applied Sciences (15-Nov-11)
Researchers use atomic layer deposition (ALD), a technique that involves jets
of water. ALD takes advantage of the water-resistant ligands on the quantum
dots, allowing current to transport through the dots and thus producing a
bright glow.

Multidisciplinary Team of Researchers Develop World’s Lightest Material
Product Design & Development (18-Nov-11)
New material redefines the limits of lightweight materials because of its unique
“micro-lattice” cellular architecture. With a density of 0.9 mg/cc, it is about
100 times lighter than Styrofoam.

Subcategory: Microorganisms

Using a Phone to Fly a Drone
David L. Chandler MIT News (08-Nov-11)
New iPhone system could easily replace the control systems not only for
military drones, but for UAVs used by emergency personnel: for example, to
track the progress of a forest fire in a remote area from a safe distance.

Cells’ Life and Death Decisions: Lessons from a Social Amoeba
Michael Regnier Wellcome Trust (22-Nov-11)
Cells are constantly making decisions about what to do, where to go or when
to divide. Scientists are studying a simple life form to uncover the basis of cells'
choices. Image and film on slime mold.

Subcategory: Miscellaneous

Living Cells Say: Can You Hear Me Now?
David L. Chandler MIT News (17-Nov-11)
Researchers find that cells’ chemical signaling includes a way to tell whether
signals are being received or not and then adjust the volume of their messages
as needed.

Subcategory: Mobile Medicine

Mobile Health App Market to Surpass $400 Million by 2016: ABI
Brian T. Horowitz eWeek (23-Nov-11)
Wearable devices and the ability to leverage online applications to collect and
share fitness data within corporate health programs will provide significant
boost to adoption of mobile health apps.

Subcategory: Nanotechnology

A Nano Car with Molecular 4-wheel Drive
EMPA (10-Nov-11)
Researchers demonstrate that individual molecules can absorb external
electrical energy and transform it into targeted motion. Chemists could design
molecular transport machines which could carry out specific tasks on the nano
scale.

Subcategory: Proteomics

Creation of the Largest Human-designed Protein Boosts Protein Engineering
David Salisbury Vanderbilt University (15-Nov-11)
Researchers have designed and successfully synthesized a variant of a protein
that nature uses to manufacture the essential amino acid histidine. It is more
than twice the size of the previous record.
efforts

Subcategory: Tissue Engineering

Researchers Create a Pituitary Gland from Scratch
Erica Westly Technology Review (09-Nov-11)
With a 3-D culture, researchers grow pituitary and hypothalmus tissue
together, allowing the stem cells to self-assemble into a mouse
pituitary.Mimics early mouse development, since the embryo develops in
3-D in vivo.

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	RESEARCH ADVANCEMENTS

Subcategory: Cell Therapy

Relief for Stem Cell Transplant Patients
Rob Levy Harvard University Gazette (30-Nov-11)
Scientists use -- counterintuitivel -- an immune system stimulant as an
immune system suppressor to treat a common, often debilitating side effect of
donor stem cell transplantation in cancer patients.

Subcategory: Food

Hunger and Hormones Determine Food’s Appeal
Jeffrey M. Friedman Howard Hughes Medical Institute (13-Nov-11)
By activating regions of the brain linked to food-related pleasure, scientists
discover how the brain mediates the link between food preferences and
hunger.

Subcategory: Geriatrics

Fruit Fly Intestine May Hold Secret to the Fountain of Youth
Salk Institute (02-Nov-11)
By boosting the activity of the fruit fly equivalent of the PGC-1 gene,
scientists find greater numbers of mitochondria and more energy-production in
flies, the same result seen in organisms on calorie restricted diets.

Subcategory: Hematology

Reversing Sickle Cell Anemia by Turning On Fetal Hemoglobin
Howard Hughes Medical Institute (13-Oct-11)
Researchers find that silencing a protein known as BCL11A can reactivate
fetal hemoglobin production in adult mice and effectively reverses sickle cell
disease. Animations describing sickle cell anemia.

Tiny Magnets Could Clear Diseases from the Blood
Adam Marcus Technology Review (28-Nov-11)
Nanomagnets coated with carbon and antibodies could someday strip
potentially harmful substances from the blood. The technology might be used
to treat people suffering from drug intoxication, bloodstream infections, and
certain cancers.

Subcategory: Immunology/ Infectious Diseases

Alleviating Radiation Sickness
Robert Levy Harvard University Gazette (23-Nov-11)
A combination of 2 drugs may alleviate radiation sickness in people who have
been exposed to high levels of radiation, even when the therapy is given a day
after the exposure occurred. Therapy is more practical for mass public health
threats.

New Study Finds that Even the Cleanest Wastewater Contains 'Super Bacteria'
Rhonda Zurn, Preston Smith University of Minnesota (14-Nov-11)
Release of municipal wastewater, even treated with highest-quality
technology, can have a significant effect on the quantities of
antibiotic-resistant bacteria, often referred to as “superbacteria,” in surface waters.

Fighting Fire With Fire: 'Vampire' Bacteria Has Potential as Living Antibiotic
Fariss Samarrai University of Virginia 31-Oct-11
The bacterium Micavibrio aeruginosavorus attaches itself to another
bacterium's cell wall (such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a cause of lung

Subcategory: Metabolism: Obesity, Diabetes

Scripps Research Scientists Uncover New Role for Gene in Maintaining Steady
Weight

Eric Sauter Scripps Research Institute (23-Nov-11)
Actions of the melanocortin-3 receptor expressed outside the brain appear to
be equally important to that inside the brain. May help scientists better
understand the keys to fighting obesity and related disorders such as diabetes.

3PM Slump? Why a Sugar Rush may not Be the Answer
University of Cambridge (17-Nov-11)
New study finds that protein and not sugar activates the cells responsible for
keeping us awake and burning calories. May explain why protein meals can
make people feel less calm and more alert than carbohydrate meals.

Subcategory: Miscellaneous

Overall Physicality Affects Sleep
Laboratory Equipment (23-Nov-11)
People sleep significantly better and feel more alert during the day if they get
at least 150 minutes of exercise a week, new study finds. May positively
influence an individual's productivity at work or a student's at school.

Subcategory: Musculoskeletal

Tweaking a Gene Makes Muscles Twice as Strong
Salk Institute (18-Nov-11)
New avenue found for treating muscle degeneration in people who are unable
to exercise due to obesity or other health complications, such as diabetes,
immobility and frailty.

Subcategory: Neurology

Two Causes of Autism Found to Be Cellular Opposites
Mark F. Bear Howard Hughes Medical Institute (23-Nov-11)
Fragile X syndrome and tuberous sclerosis both cause autism and intellectual
disabilities in most affected patients. An increase in synaptic protein
synthesis is linked with fragile X syndrome, while the dampened pathway
leads to tuberous sclerosis.

NIH Study Finds Stroke Risk Factors may Lead to Cognitive Problems
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (08-Nov-11)
High blood pressure and other known risk factors for stroke also increase the
risk of developing cognitive problems, even among people who have never had
a stroke. Results emphasize the importance of early intervention.

Subcategory: Oncology

Seeing Cancer in Three Dimensions
Anne Trafton MIT News (21-Nov-11)
The three-dimensional structure of the cell’s genetic material, or genome,
plays a large role in determining which sections of DNA are most likely to be
altered in cancerous cells, helping them become more malignant.

How Cancer Cells Get by on a Starvation Diet
Anne Trafton MIT News (21-Nov-11)
When deprived of oxygen, cancer cells (and many other mammalian cells) can
engage an alternate metabolic pathway that allows them to use glutamine, a
plentiful amino acid, as the starting material for synthesizing fatty molecules
known as lipids.

Team Discovers How a Cancer-causing Bacterium Spurs Cell Death
Diana Yates University of Illinois (01-Nov-11)
Scientists have figured out how the cancer-causing bacterium Helicobacter
pylori attacks a cell’s energy infrastructure, sparking a series of events in the
cell that ultimately lead it to self-destruct.

Subcategory: Ophthalmology

New iPhone App Keeps Eyesight from Deteriorating
American Friends of Tel Aviv 01-Nov-11
Application trains the brain to translate blurry images into clear ones. In the
application, groups of blurry lines called Gabor patches appear at several
points across the screen, and the user must identify when one appears in the
center.

Subcategory: Pulmonary/ Respiratory Diseases

Lung Regeneration Spurred by Signals from Blood Vessels
Howard Hughes Medical Institute (28-Oct-11)
By isolating the cellular source of regenerative signals, which are produced by
blood vessels in the lungs, scientists were able to trigger regeneration in mice
that had had 1 lung surgically removed. May lead to repair of damaged lung
tissue in humans.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

	RESEARCH TOOLS

Subcategory: Computing Systems

At a Crossroads
Jennifer Chu MIT News (30-Nov-11)
Researchersare able to predict, within a couple of seconds and with 85%
accuracy, whether a car would run a red light. Algorithm is intended to give
drivers a recommendation of what to do in response to a potential accident.

Subcategory: Environment

Billion Dollar U.S. Weather/Climate Disasters
National Climatic Data (30-Nov-11)
Maps and graphs of major weather/climate events, preliminary report on a
dozen U.S. billion dollar disasters that occurred in 2011 (to date), including
hurricanes, wildfires, flooding and drought. Links to special reports.

Univ. of Miami Study Rethinks the Ocean’s Role in Pacific Climate
University of Miami (15-Nov-11)
Atmospheric pressure, surface temperature, and precipitation were the same
in static and dynamic ocean models. Can help link climate patterns between
distant region, such as rainfall patterns in Australia and drought in the
Southwestern U.S.

Subcategory: Health Gaming

It Was Gnarly Helping to Smoke an Aids Virus, Man
Knowledge@Wharton (27-Oct-11)
In 10 days gamers “solved a molecular puzzle that stumped scientists for
years, and those scientists say the accomplishment could point the way to
crowdsourced cures for AIDS and other diseases." Particiants are in it for the
fun as well as the challenge.

Subcategory: Nanotechnology

Nano-tech Makes Medicine Greener
Professor Dimitrios Stamou University of Copenhagen 03-Nov-11
Researchers are now working with reactions that take place in very small
volumes, namely 10-19 liters, with the ability to do so in parallel for millions
of samples on a single chip.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

	STRATEGIC RELATIONSHIPS

Subcategory: Collaboration

Paper Uncovers Power of Foldit Gamers’ Strategies
Sally James University of Washington (07-Nov-11)
By studying the most effective formal recipes or algorithms that players used
to solve protein structure puzzles, researchers hope to formalize complex
strategies and apply them widely to scientific problems

Subcategory: Electronic Health Records

States, Health Care Companies Offer EHR, HIE Standards
Brian T. Horowitz eWeek (11-Nov-11)
The EHR/HIE Interoperability Workgroup, a coalition of states and health
care IT software producers, issues specifications for sharing data among
multiple electronic health records (EHR) and health information exchanges
(HIEs).

Subcategory: Metabolism: Obesity, Diabetes

U-M, Duke Team up to Improve Diabetes Outcomes
Kevin Merrill University of Michigan (14-Nov-11)
Geospatial mapping takes information related to disease and health care, fits it
to the physical map of a community,.Researchers can visualize complex
relationships among the locations of diabetes patients, health care patterns,
social resources.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Copyright 2011, Technology Management Associates, Inc. All rights reserved. This material may not 
be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.


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